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Explained: Why Are Millennials Leaving China For Thailand


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Hitting tennis balls across a tree-lined court in Thailand’s mountainous north, Connie Chen’s weekly private training session is a luxury the Chinese national could barely afford when she lived in Shanghai.

China implemented some of the world’s toughest Covid restrictions during the pandemic, putting hundreds of millions of people under prolonged lockdowns. In the aftermath, younger citizens — exhausted by gruelling and unrewarding jobs — are taking flight to escape abroad.

With a relatively easy process for one-year study visas, a slower pace of living and cheap living costs, Thailand’s second-largest city Chiang Mai has become a popular destination.

During the pandemic, the desire for freedom became stronger,” Chen, a 26-year-old former bank worker, told AFP.

In China’s financial capital Shanghai — hit by some of the strictest pandemic lockdowns — Chen had a stable, well-paid job, but was unhappy with the career path that lay ahead of her.

After the pandemic, Chen knew something had to change.

“Even if I kept doing this job for the rest of my life, it would just be like this,” she said.

“But life is so short that I want to try something different.”

Chen is emblematic of many of her generation: unlike their parents who benefited from China’s then-booming economy, younger Chinese are burdened by a weak economy.

Prospects for promotion are few and competition is ferocious, leading many to burn out.

Chen researched foreign language programmes, choosing Thailand where she and her husband, Gordon Lin, moved in May under a one-year education visa.

And now they are determined to live abroad long-term.

“I feel there are a lot of opportunities outside and I feel hope,” she said.

The Covid lockdowns in Shanghai led to rare street protests that quickly escalated into demonstrations across other major cities in China, prompting a crackdown by the nation’s communist rulers.

The people interviewed for this story were reluctant to discuss politics, but all insisted their moves abroad were motivated by wanting a different lifestyle.

A decent, dignified life

The surging desire to leave China can be seen in patterns on WeChat, the Chinese messaging app.

Searches for “emigration” have spiked, hitting 510 million in one day in October, according to Chinese-language media, while in late January “immigrating Thailand” was searched more than 300,000 times in a single day.

Thailand is seen as easier than Europe or North America, with the kingdom offering several types of long-term visas, including a one-year language course — costing roughly $700 to $1,800.

“I think there’s a sudden increase of desire for leaving China,” said social anthropologist Xiang Biao, from Germany’s Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology.

Thailand has come to be regarded by many Chinese as a stepping stone country, he said, ideal to experiment with living abroad.

But compared to migration in the 1990s and 2000s, when many kept connections with China for business, Xiang said there was a new trend of people wanting to totally uproot themselves.

He added while this group were educated they were not necessarily part of the elite or wealthy.

“They are cosmopolitan, open-minded and they cherish a basic sense of freedom — not necessarily political freedom, but they want to live a life that they feel is decent and is dignified,” he said.

And unlike previous generations, they are not seeking to make their fortune abroad.

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